Scores of women of childbearing age get worried when they experience abnormal vaginal discharges or bleeding that are not congruent to their normal menstrual periods. Some say it’s just normal while others consider it as a type of dysfunctional uterine bleeding especially when there is minor spotting and mild implantation bleeding. However, concern grows if the alleged implantation bleeding is heavy or lasts for an extended period of time.
Implantation bleeding is one of several normal pregnancy signs that occur where the fertilized egg is implanting itself on the uterine wall. It is the first identifiable sign of pregnancy. This bleeding does not occur in all women at their early pregnancy and there is also a high likelihood that the woman may fail to recognize it when it occurs. Some may even mistake this bleeding as their last menstrual period, which may mess up the calculation of the fetus age. In some instances, heavy implantation bleeding can also occur but should only last for a short period of time.
Read also: Can Implantation Bleeding Be Heavy?
When does implantation bleeding occur?
Implantation bleeding takes place 10 to 14 days after conception and occurs before the expected menstrual period. For instance, if you have conceived on the 5th day, you are likely to experience this type of bleeding between the 17th and 29th day.
How does implantation bleeding occur?
It involves discharge of blood in a woman as a result of the actual (physical) implantation of the fertilized egg (ovum) on the uterus. When this kind of bleeding starts, the egg is no longer ovulated and is now fertilized from within the uterus lining. The egg will attach itself to the body where it will extract the blood and various nutrients needed for its growth. If the fertilization had not occurred, the ovum would have been discharged out as normal periods. However, when the ovum is about to implant itself, it slowly enters the uterus and in the process it loses some blood, which is discharged via the vagina – implantation bleeding. This is a normal condition and should not cause any worries. An implantation bleed occurs much earlier than the pregnancy can be confirmed. Thus, an implantation bleed or rather having a period which is lighter than normal is the earliest symptom of pregnancy in some women.
Signs of Implantation Bleeding
Signs of implantation bleeding vary from one woman to another with some women never experiencing this kind of bleeding in their early pregnancy. It is typically mild in nature and lighter in consistency as opposed to regular menstrual periods.
Read also: Signs Of Implantation: What To Look Out For
The color of implantation bleeding
The color of implantation bleeding varies from bright red or pink to brown. Bright red or pink implantation bleeding is a likely indicator that implantation has just occurred or rather the blood is flowing from active area within the womb to the vagina very quickly. Brown implantation bleeding indicates that this is old blood. This means that when the fertilized egg was attaching itself deep into the womb, it released a little blood. This bleeding that occurred during implantation delayed on the womb for some time thus by the time it gets discharged, it will have turned brown in color.
Cramps and implantation bleeding
Cramps can happen and some women even experience cramps with or without bleeding. The crams are generally mild. Cramps happen when the fertilized egg buries itself deep into the womb and the womb muscles tend to contract. These contractions cause pressure on nerve endings resulting to mild menstrual like pains that last for 24 to 48 hours.
How long does implantation bleeding last?
They typically last for a few minutes to even a few days. If this bleeding lasts more than a few days, this is not normal and may be a sign of vaginal infection and can even lead to a miscarriage.
Heavy Implantation Bleeding
There are some instances where some women experience heavy implantation bleeding. Heavy bleeding is not normal and in most cases, it is not such a good sign. Just as mentioned earlier, normal implantation bleeding is brown or pink in color and bleeding is not in high volume because the ovum size is not very large. Thus in such cases, bleeding should not be heavy at all. As a matter of fact, the blood is so little that that it rarely flows out as during the menses. It is inform of blood drops though not necessarily.
In some instances, some women experience a heavy discharge accompanied with cramps. This is may be a sign of an ectopic pregnancy. Moreover, heavy bleeding is likely to occur when the fertilized ovum is attached to abdomen, ovary, fallopian tube, cervix, or other uterus tissues. In case of such an incidence, the heavy bleeding is likely to be accompanied by symptoms such as dizziness, shoulder ache, pelvic ache, blood clots, and so on.
What to do when you have Heavy Implantation Bleeding
In some instances, heavy implantation bleeding is considered as normal but if heavy bleeding persists for more than three days, you are advised to seek medical attention. If you experience heavy implantation bleeding accompanied by the above symptoms, it imperative to immediately consult a doctor immediately. You should also seek medical attention if you experience any of the following:
• Prolonged, heavy vaginal bleeding even after the pregnancy has already been established –this can lead to a miscarriage.
• Having menstrual period after you have reached menopause
• Prolonged heavy bleeding during your normal menstrual periods
• Vaginal bleeding or discharges accompanied by symptoms such as extreme dizziness and extreme pain.
Read also: Implantation Pain: The Philosophy Behind It
You should not ignore or overlook the treatment process because you can easily get things right in early stages of pregnancy. You should keep in mind that the more you delay, the worse your situation gets and the more difficult it will be for even a gynecologist to correct your situation.